CancerDeMama.mx.- The Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) offers mastectomy treatment to combat breast cancer. The objective of this procedure is to remove the tumor from the breast and, if detection is timely, in many cases it is possible to perform a partial surgery without the need to remove the entire breast.
The coordinator of Medical Programs in the IMSS Gynecological Care Area, the doctor Gunther Schmilinsky Scandela, said that, in patients with a small tumor or if the breast has enough tissue, the first option is to perform conservative surgery, although at all times the oncologist surgeon gives priority to saving life.
He added that there are patients who are not candidates for breast-conserving surgery, as occurs when large tumors are treated or when there are several tumors in the same breast.
The breast is involved in the self-perception of body image, therefore, “We are very aware that it is not the only aspect to consider, but it is desirable to be able to keep it when it is safe and the treatment allows it.”He declared.
Although the vast majority of cases of this type of cancer occur in women, for whom there are options such as oncoplastic surgery, in the case of men who develop the disease, the surgical treatment of choice is radical mastectomy.
He highlighted that, at present, there are “better opportunities as they are detected earlier; we have better treatments, medications, equipment and surgical procedures, little by little we are gaining ground”.
According to the specialist, in breast cancer and oncology in general, due to the complexity of the procedures, the patient is involved in decision-making so that they are aware of the possible results, risks, benefits and how they are going to impact your present and future life.
In the same way, he indicated that, after the mastectomy, it is of vital importance to give medical follow-up and treatment for the appearance of some complications associated with the surgery, such as lymphedema, which consists of the increase in volume of the arm closest to the area of the mastectomy. Likewise, one must be attentive to the emotions of the patients, as they sometimes require support to overcome the impact of the surgical intervention.