Stuttering or disfluencies are language problems that are characterized by making it difficult to transmit messages when speaking.
According to the National Institute of Deafness and Other Communication Disorders of the United States, stuttering is one of them, in which sounds, syllables or words are repeated or prolonged, altering the normal flow of speech, usually accompanied by blinking fast and trembling on the lips, feeling strong pressure to convey the message correctly.
How to identify the symptoms?
- The main signal is the repetition of sounds, words, phrases or parts of each one, example: “My-my-look, what a beautiful di-di-drawing I made”.
- Use of crutches or sounds in the middle of the sentence, “I went out with uh… eh… my brother”
- Phonetic lengthening, “I like to go out to play”
- Pauses during a sentence or words, often with lips together
- Tension in the voice
- Frustration with wanting to communicate
- Head jerking and blinking
- Shame when talking
From the age of two, a language pathologist (a specialist who is responsible for confirming whether or not there is such a problem), will be able to evaluate the child based on his medical history and some tests such as asking him to repeat phrases, maintain a conversation and read aloud.
You may also need to be seen by a pediatric audiologist to check your hearing aid, since if you do not listen well it can be reflected in the way you talk.
Although it is very difficult for this condition to completely disappear, there are some tips that we can follow to try to reduce the problem, which have been established by the American Stuttering Foundation:
- We should speak to him slowly, let him finish what he is saying and wait at least two seconds to answer him.
- Forget about phrases like “speak slower”, “calm down”, “don’t be nervous” because we only cause the situation to worsen.
- It is necessary to reduce our questions, better to comment on what by his will he shares with us.
- Let’s use facial expressions and any type of non-verbal communication. This will address the way in which we express ourselves and not the content of the message.
- Let’s dedicate a part of the day completely to him, this moment of calm and calm can be a confidence builder for him, letting him know that we enjoy his company.
- The whole family can help in the treatment of your problem so that you know that they support you all.
- Most importantly, we must accept our children as they do us, regardless of how we express ourselves.