According to a recent study published in The Lancet Journal, almost half of the people who were hospitalized with COVID. They experienced at least one persistent symptom between shortness of breath and fatigue that lasted up to a year.
The study revealed that shortness of breath and lung deficiencies lasted longer, with about one in three people experiencing it.
ABOUT THE STUDY: PERSISTENT SYMPTOMS
The study was based on 1,276 patients from Wuhan in China and found that “the most symptoms.” Of the patients hospitalized for COVID, they are resolved in a year. However, hospitalized covid survivors were found. They were less healthy than people who were not infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
“Although most had recovered well. Health problems persisted in some patients, especially those who had been seriously ill during their hospital stay. ” This was said by researcher Bin Cao, from the National Center for Respiratory Medicine, China-Japan Friendship Hospital in China. in a sentence.
He added: “Our findings suggest that recovery for some patients will take more than a year. And this must be taken into account when planning the provision of health services after a pandemic ”.
The methodology followed for the study
The same team of researchers previously reported the findings of 1,733 survivors hospitalized six months after infection. This study found that three-quarters of the patients had persistent health problems.
For a long investigation, 1,276 of 1,722 continued to be observed for 12 months for an extended health assessment. These participants underwent health checks at six and 12 months from the date they first experienced symptoms.
Symptoms that persisted the longest
The team found that most of the symptoms resolved over time, regardless of the severity of the infection. The proportion of patients who continue to experience at least one symptom after one year dropped from 68% at six months to 49% at 12 months.
Muscle weakness was also a commonly reported symptom and about half of the patients experienced it at six months. This was reduced to one in five patients.
A third of the patients reported experiencing shortness of breath at 12 months. Higher than the 30 percent who reported such symptoms at six months.
After six months, 353 patients underwent a CT scan. Half of them were found to show lung abnormalities on examination and were recommended to have a scan at 12 months.
118 patients who completed the scan after 12 months, the number of people whose abnormalities decreased. But it was still high in some people who were critically ill.
Men or Women: Who is Most Vulnerable?
Compared to men, women were 1.4 times more likely to report fatigue and muscle weakness. Two times more likely to report anxiety or depression and three times more likely to have lung deterioration after 12 months.
People who were treated with corticosteroids during illness were 1.5 times more likely to experience fatigue or muscle weakness. This, after 12 months compared to those who were not treated with corticosteroids.
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