Suffering from a toothache during pregnancy is not only annoying, but it can also be dangerous for the mother and baby. Find out what to do if you have problems with your mouth during pregnancy.

Last update: September 13, 2021

When a woman is expecting a baby, taking care of her health is essential to reduce setbacks during pregnancy. The appearance of toothache during pregnancy It can be an annoying, alarming, and even dangerous situation.

Keeping your teeth and gums healthy can become difficult with hormonal changes and the new sensations of pregnancy. Considering dental care and visits to the dentist as part of prenatal care avoids discomfort in the mouth.

Care of the mouth during pregnancy It is part of the essential care to carry a healthy pregnancy. Read on and find out what to do if you have a toothache during pregnancy and how to avoid these discomforts.

Causes of toothache during pregnancy

Hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy and neglect of dental hygiene they are a terrible combination for oral health. Thus, some future moms suffer toothache during their pregnancy.

Increased estrogen and progesterone make the pregnant woman more vulnerable to plaque. In addition, the increase in vascularity throughout the body also affects the gums.

Gingival tissue overreacts if bacteria are present, inflaming easily. Pregnancy gingivitis is one of the most common mouth conditions in future mothers.

The accumulation of bacterial plaque causes inflammation of the gums that turn red, enlarge, bleed easily and hurt. If it is not treated in time, it can evolve to periodontal disease.

Periodontitis is the inflammation and infection of the supporting tissues of the tooth. The destruction of the bone generates mobility of the dental elements and in more advanced cases, their loss. What’s more, is associated with complications such as premature deliveries and low-birth-weight infants.

The development of pregnancy tumors in the gums is another common cause of oral discomfort during pregnancy. These are benign enlargements of the gum tissue that cause pain and sensitivity. They usually disappear on their own after delivery, although if they cause a lot of discomfort they can be removed surgically.

Another cause of toothache during pregnancy is tooth decay. Poor dental hygiene, dietary changes from sweet cravings, acid reflux, and morning sickness predispose to damage of the hard tissues of the tooth.

If this damage to the integrity of the teeth is not treated and progresses in depth, it can lead to toothache.

Toothache Treatments During Pregnancy

Having a toothache during pregnancy is an annoying and uncomfortable situation for the expectant mother. What’s more, If it is not resolved, it can become a risk for the pregnancy.

The first measure to take when feeling any discomfort in the oral cavity is to go to the dentist. It is important to mention the state of pregnancy to the professional so that he can act accordingly.

The dentist will look for the origin of the toothache during pregnancy and according to the diagnosis will indicate the best treatment. According to the weeks of gestation and the complexity of the problem, may advise doing some therapy at that time or postpone it for later.

In addition, the dentist is trained to know what medication to use during pregnancy. Therefore, if it is necessary and indicates the use of some medicine for toothache, its consumption will be safe.

It is important not to self-medicate to calm a toothache During pregnancy. The incorrect use of painkillers or antibiotics during pregnancy can be dangerous for the baby.

Putting into practice some home measures alleviates the discomfort while waiting to receive the specific dental treatment. It is useful, for example, to identify foods and drinks that initiate or worsen sensitivity to avoid them.

Rinses with lukewarm water and salt to decrease gum inflammation can also help. It is recommended to swish after tooth brushing.

It is important not to neglect dental cleaning. Although there is discomfort or sensitivity during brushing, it should not be suspended.

Identifying foods that cause toothache in pregnancy is helpful in avoiding them.


Is it safe to go to the dentist during pregnancy?

Some mothers believe that it is better to bear the pain and avoid visits to the dentist. Then they fear that dental treatments will endanger their baby.

This is not like this. Many procedures are safe during pregnancy. And the dentist is trained to indicate the best solution for a pregnant woman without endangering the baby.

As we already mentioned, when visiting the dentist letting her know about the pregnancy is essential and remind you every time you go to the consultations. The weeks of gestation should also be indicated. Even if the pregnancy is not confirmed yet, it is necessary to warn that there is a suspicion.

It is also important to tell the dentist if you are taking medications, if the pregnancy is risky, if there is any disease or if the doctor has made any special recommendations. Well, many times a consultation between the dentist and the gynecologist allows better planning of future procedures.

The most recommended is visiting the dentist before you get pregnant to have a healthy mouth and avoid complications during pregnancy. And as soon as the state of pregnancy is known, it is also suggested to schedule an appointment with the dentist.

It is advisable to visit the dentist at each trimester to perform controls and detect any problems in the mouth. In this way, you can schedule treatments for the best time, perform cleanings to take care of the gums and receive the relevant advice to keep the oral cavity healthy.

Safe procedures

If a dental procedure is necessary during pregnancy, the best time to do it is the second trimester. Well, in the first one, they try to avoid interventions because it is the moment when the baby’s organs develop.

In the latter period, the size of the tummy may make the mother uncomfortable when sitting for long periods of time on the dental chair. However, when there is a dental emergency such as pain, infection or trauma, it must be resolved immediately to avoid complications.

Using the Local anesthesia to perform fillings, root canals and extractions is possible during pregnancy. These treatments may be necessary to treat toothache. As we mentioned, the ideal is to leave these procedures for the second trimester.

Although the ideal is to avoid the use of X-rays during pregnancy, if they are very necessary and unavoidable, dental X-rays also they are safe in pregnancy. The amount of radiation used for these plates is minimal. In any case, they must be carried out with protection, with a lead apron over the mother’s abdomen and neck.

Cosmetic procedures that are not necessary or affect the health of the mother they should be avoided during pregnancy and postponed for later. Teeth whitening is an example of these interventions that can be left for later.

Tips for good dental health during pregnancy

Taking care of the mouth during pregnancy not only prevents toothache during pregnancy. What’s more, it is part of the general health care of the mother and fetus.

Here are some aspects to keep in mind to have a healthy smile while expecting a baby.

Take care of dental hygiene

Eliminating bacterial plaque and preventing its accumulation reduces the risk of tooth decay and inflammation of the gums. Carry out Thorough dental hygiene is essential for oral care during pregnancy.

Tooth brushing should be done at least 3 times a day for 3 minutes. Ideally, use a soft bristle brush and fluoride toothpaste.

The movements should be smooth and reach all faces of all teeth. The gums and tongue should also be cleaned.

To eliminate bacteria and food debris that accumulate between the teeth, it is necessary to complement oral hygiene using dental floss. The floss should be passed through the interdental spaces at least once a day. The dentist may suggest the use of a special mouthwash to reduce gingival inflammation.

Eat a healthy diet

Maintain a balanced, varied and nutritious diet during pregnancy takes care of the mother’s health and favors the correct development of the fetus. A sufficient supply of proteins, vitamins, minerals, phosphorus and calcium must be ensured.

Also, foods high in sugar, such as candy, pastries, and soft drinks, should be avoided. Eating 5 meals a day is the best way to get enough energy during pregnancy.



Drink plenty of water

The hydration of the pregnant woman is an aspect that should not be neglected. The hormonal changes typical of this stage can cause xerostomia or dry mouth.

Dry mouth not only causes discomfort, but also favors the appearance of cavities. Keeping a bottle of water nearby is a simple practice that helps solve this problem.

It is recommended to drink clean and natural water and avoid sugary drinks or soft drinks, as they are cariogenic. It is important avoiding any drink that contains alcohol for the possible damages that they can generate in the fetus.

Hydration is key for many reasons in pregnancy, including oral health.

Visit the dentist every trimester

The importance of visiting the dentist before getting pregnant and every 3 months thereafter has already been mentioned. This it is an efficient measure to take care of the oral cavity during pregnancy and avoid toothache in pregnancy.

In the reviews it is possible to detect any problem that appears and look for the most suitable solution for that moment. In addition, if necessary, the dentist performs professional cleanings to remove tartar and plaque.

The dentist performs fluoride topications to strengthen tooth enamel and prevent cavities. Also, quarterly check-ups are a good opportunity for the mother to receive all the information necessary information on caring for your teeth at home and caring for your expecting baby’s mouth.

In the event of an emergency situation such as trauma, pain, or infections, the dentist should be visited immediately. These circumstances are dangerous for the fetus and cause stress on the mother, increasing the risk of contractions and premature births.

A healthy smile for mom

Pregnancy causes many changes in a woman’s life. The transformations of the body are those that give rise to the formation of a new life and they cannot be avoided.

The situation of the mouth is also modified by the new situation. And if it is not taken care of with the necessary care, problems such as toothache can appear during pregnancy.

Visiting the dentist regularly, eating a healthy diet, and taking care of oral hygiene help prevent common oral problems. In this way, it will be possible to carry out the pregnancy with a healthy smile.

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