For 132 years, it has been lying in the center of the square of the municipality of Medellin, Spainan extremely controversial statue: it is about the conqueror Hernan Cortes proudly stepping on the head of a idol or a man Aztecit’s not clear.
And although for obvious reasons this may be one of the least presumptuous effigies in that country, the reality is that its fame has reached enough to make it a victim of vandalism, or at least one, that occurred in 2010.
They stain the statue of Hernán Cortés in Medellín red
On August 11 of that year the soccer teams of Mexico Y Spain They had a meeting at Aztec stadium. That match was not a big deal, in fact they were 1-1, but in Medellin, birthplace of the conqueror, the situation was more intense.
A group of people of unknown nationality threw red paint at the statue of Hernán Cortés, leaving a crimson stain from his chest to the area where the head of the Aztec idol is, or what they say is the head of an Aztec idol.
“Statue is an insult to Mexico”: Anonymous Citizens
The act was awarded by a group called Citizens Anonymous, it was learned from a pile of brochures thrown at the foot of the column of the effigy, in which the clandestine organization explained that the action was carried out because the statue is a insult to Mexico.
The vandalism was taken by the then Mayor of Medellin, Antonio Parral, as an offense. He said that the perpetrators are ignorant of history because, he assured, the head that Cortés steps on is not that of a native but of a aztec culture idol.
But frankly, the mayor’s statement did not detract from the effigy in question in the least bit of controversy. As it was, the vandalization was forgotten over the years.
The origin of the statue of Cortés stepping on an Aztec head
Now let’s talk about the origin of this statue to the conqueror. It was in 1889 when the municipality of Medellín hired, for a cost of 62 thousand 772 pesetas, the sculptor Eduardo Barron Gonzalezto create a statue to Hernán Cortés to honor him for his exploits.
The design of this sculptural work presents the conqueror in Military suitriding boots, sword, holding a standard of Castile, the scepter of command and having under his feet pieces of altars of aztec idolsthe latter according to the page medellinhistoria.com.
The statue was cast in 1890 at the company of Federico Masreralocated in Barcelona. Reaching a weight of five tons and three meters in height from head to foot, or four meters from feet to the tip of the pole.
The queen mother names the sculptor “Knight of Carlos III”
Once Eduardo Barron Gonzalez reported the conclusion of the effigy the Queen mother She went to the artist’s workshop to appreciate his work, being so impressed that she named it “Knight of Charles III”.
The statue of Cortés arrived by rail, but the problems began when the horse-drawn carts that transported it from the train station sank several times in the mud of the streets due to the great weight of the sculpture.
But in the end the work reached its destination. It was mounted on the pedestal and inaugurated on December 2, 1890, anniversary of the death of the conqueror.
The connection between Franco and Hernán Cortés
In the comments box of the journalistic note that gives an account of the vandalization of the Cortés statue on August 11, 2010, within the site elmundo.es, the congruence of one marked with the number 669 stands out, made by a Spanish woman who expresses the following:
“…it is impossible to defend the statue, be it Moctezuma’s hair or a pagan idol. It is sad that in this country (Spain) there is a fight for historical memory and the withdrawal of street names and symbols of Francoism, but let us forget the massacre that we carried out there (…) let us change the head of the Indian for a stone, no no one would be offended”, concluded the reader.
Joshua Huerta Traveler who, in addition to life experiences, is after the click.