Fungal diseases: A fungal infection can be contagious and can be passed from one person to another. In certain cases, the patient can become infected through the soil, the contaminated surface, or an infected animal.

However, there are certain types of fungal diseases that, as doctors, can be treated.

These are some of the most typical fungal diseases.

Yeast infection

A yeast infection can occur in anyone and in different parts of the body. It is caused by a yeast (a type of fungus) called Candida. The generic term for yeast infection is Candidiasis. It can form in places like the mouth, throat, intestine, and vagina without causing complications. A yeast infection inside the mouth is often called a thrush or oropharyngeal yeast infection. Vaginal yeast infection is common among women, but it is treatable.

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, some of the symptoms of yeast infection include “white patches on the inside of the cheeks, tongue, roof of the mouth, and throat”, redness, loss of taste, pain when eating and more. For vaginal infections, vaginal itching or pain, pain during intercourse are some of the common symptoms.

However, these are not life threatening and can be treated with antifungal medications.

Athlete’s foot

Athlete’s foot is a type of fungal infection caused by dermatophytes, a group of fungi that multiplies in warm and humid environments. It affects the skin of the feet, hands and nails and can be transmitted from one person to another. Itching or burning sensation are some of the common symptoms.

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Ringworm is a common fungal infection caused by a fungus that lives in dead tissues, including the skin, scalp, and nails. It grows and thrives in moist, moist areas of the body, leading to symptoms such as oozing blisters, ring-shaped patches, thick, discolored nails, and bald patches on the scalp.

Jock itch

Also known as tinea cruris, jock itch is a fungal infection caused by dermatophytes that affects the skin around the groin. It can also infect the inner thighs and buttocks region. Symptoms include redness, itching, discoloration, a rash, and more.

Fungal nail infection

Fungal infections can also occur on the fingernails or toenails, often making them thick, discolored, and easy to break. Also known as onychomycosis, it can become severe, but is usually not painful. According to the CDC, “fungal nail infections can be difficult to cure and generally do not go away without antifungal treatment.


Caused by a fungus called Sporothrix, sporotrichosis lives in soil and on plant matter such as sphagnum moss, rose bushes and hay, according to the CDC. There are three types of sporotrichosis: cutaneous (skin) sporotrichosis and pulmonary (lung) sporotrichosis, which is a rare and widespread sporotrichosis.

On the other hand, cutaneous (skin) sporotrichosis occurs when the fungus enters the skin through small cuts and cracks, an infection forms that leads to a “small, painless lump that can develop anytime from 1 to 12 weeks after exposure to the fungus, says the CDC.

Pulmonary sporotrichosis occurs when one inhales fungal spores. Cough, shortness of breath, chest pain and fever are some of the associated symptoms. The disease can occur in different parts of the body.

Symptoms depend accordingly.

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