Health is essential for any person and its relevance can now be appreciated more clearly. The development of drugs has become a relief to achieve the recovery of patients. Thousands have been designed throughout history and each one must comply with a strict protocol. Although one of the problems is that drug resistance has emerged in recent decades and its impact is increasing. As an example, you can see the deadliest superbugs of today that are responsible for millions of deaths each year.
Currently cardiovascular diseases, cancer and diabetes are responsible for the majority of deaths worldwide. Although in the not too distant future that could change. Based on World Health Organization (WHO) estimates, bacterial resistance will be the number one cause of death by 2050. By then it is expected to cause 10 million deaths per year.
Why is it generated?
There are many reasons behind this phenomenon, but one of the biggest is the incorrect consumption of medications. When it is done without the supervision of a health professional, not only is a full recovery not achieved, but it also encourages the bacteria to be more resistant. That’s why now the drugs have lost power and higher doses are required than in the past.
With the above in mind, the WHO has initiated several programs whose objective is to anticipate the most catastrophic scenarios. The 10×20 Strategy is one of the most ambitious and interesting because it seeks to promote the development of a new generation of antibiotics. This is because most of the drugs we have today are no longer effective.
For its part, today The Lancet published an article which confirms the seriousness of the problem. In 2019 alone, antimicrobial resistance caused the death of 1.2 million people. It also mentions that it is behind another 4.95 million fatalities that it indirectly affected.
The most dangerous in the world
So far, it is the highest figure on record, but it is not ruled out that the trend will continue in the following years. although that was not all because the same work mentions the 10 deadliest superbugs. They are responsible for most cases and some have become resistant to all current drugs.
- Escherichia coli.
- Klebsiella pneumoniae.
- Staphylococcus aureus.
- Acinetobacter baumannii.
- Streptococcus pneumoniae.
- Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
- Enterococcus faecium.
- Enterobacter spp.
- Group b Streptococcus.
One thing to keep in mind is that this problem already causes more deaths than AIDS, malaria and lung cancer. This is how dire the global picture is, although it is still possible to achieve a change to avoid the scenarios mentioned above.
Now, when it comes to the deadliest superbugs, it’s not all the fault of irresponsible drug use. It is also indicated that the use of fertilizers in agriculture and hormones to make farm animals grow have fueled this phenomenon. For this reason, joint work is required to achieve a true solution.