He had all the ballots to become lucubration material conspiracy An accident that occurred more than a century ago that took place on the high seas, far from the eyes of anyone who was not involved in the catastrophe. A colossal disaster, of such a size that the newspapers of the time must have gone crazy with the news. And most importantly: it has a Hollywood blockbuster that has built in the popular imagination a version of events that is difficult to modify for those who have seen the film and have not investigated further.
The RMS Titanic has been a recurring subject of conspiracy theories, but in recent times this idea has increased. First, due to the increasing diffusion of what appears in the book The ship that never sankby Robin Gardiner. And second, because of a documentary broadcast on British television that reviewed the validity of the sinking due to collision with an iceberg. Let’s see what the skeptics of the official versions say about what really happened on the Titanic.
1) A covert murder
One of the most commented theories is that the Titanic did not experience an accident, but rather a prepared sinister. JP Morgan was known as “the Napoleon of Wall Street.” He was a millionaire businessman and banker who would give his name to the bank we know today by the same nomenclature. And he was also the owner of the Titanic and other ocean liners. Among other crew members were three important men who were going to fight against the creation of the Federal Reserve Bank of the United States, a body in which Morgan had many interests.
This could have been the motive for the premeditated sinking of the ship. As we would know from the press of the time at the time of the accident, Morgan had declared that he would travel on the Titanic on her fateful voyage, but the day before setting sail claimed to be sick and not being able to get on the boat. Whatever his illness, it must have passed quickly, for three days after the Titanic’s departure, when the news of the sinking arrived, he was found in a French resort with his mistress.
Added to these signs is another: several of the aristocrats around Morgan who had free tickets to travel on the Titanic canceled their trip a few days before the ship set sail. In fact, there were a lot of last-minute cancellations among first-class passengers. If Morgan had planned to put those three opponents of the government project on the ship and then kill them, we would be talking about one of the most bloodthirsty men in history: instead of sending hitmen to finish them off on dry land, he caused an accident that ended with the lives of more than 1,500 people.
2) Why did the watertight doors remain closed?
Our next theory involves the watertight doors of Titanic. In theory, if these doors had been opened the ship could have settled on an even keel and thus possibly stayed afloat long enough for the rescue ships to arrive (which, by the way, they hoped would arrive much sooner). Isn’t that proof enough that someone wanted the Titanic to sink anyway?
But after a quick analysis it is found that this theory has little validity. First, there were no watertight doors between any of the first four compartments, making it impossible to significantly reduce the concentration of water in the bow.
And second, some calculations made by experts showed that any significant amount of water that had gone aft from the fourth boiler room would have caused the sinking of the ocean liner anyway, and would have done so, in addition, leaving the ship without electricity. for over an hour of overtime and shortening the sinking period by a vital thirty minutes. In other words, the reasons for not ordering the opening of the doors outweighed the reasons for doing so.
3) The switch with the Olympic: in favor
This is the most weighty theory on the Internet. The one that has provoked the most comments and musings among active seekers of truth. The English company that owned the Titanic was White Star Line, and precisely in 1912 it was in serious trouble. At the beginning of the century, those from Liverpool set themselves the goal of creating the greatest and most luxurious ships on all the oceans. That project germinated in the construction of three almost identical ships: the Titanic, the Britannic and the Olympic, the pretty girl.
It was precisely that last boat that suffered a severe crash. On September 20, 1911, the Olympic had a serious incident with a warship, the HMS Hawke, which got too close due to the turbulence of the Olympic’s propeller colliding with it and causing serious damage. After an analysis of the facts, she pleaded guilty to the incident at the Olympic, for which the insurance did not cover the costs of the repair. At the controls was Captain Edward John Smith, the same one who would also captain the first and last voyage of the Titanic.
What did White Star Line, a company owned by Morgan’s money, decide to do then to avoid bankruptcy? Collect insurance by cheating. That, which was a strategy not entirely foreign to the world of intercontinental ships, would be carried out here in a big way, paying for one of the most expensive ships in the seven seas.
Olympic and Titanic were almost sister ships. Same structure, same materials. Same appearance even, except for the keen eye and by the nominative labels of certain points of each ship. According to this theory promoted by Robin Gardiner, the changeover occurred during his robbery in Belfast. The Olympic had to go through that port to repair it and that is where some workers would have exchanged the signs, the lifeboats (they had different signs drawn) and other details to make the Olympic pass for the ship we all know.
So the “fake Titanic” would leave in a few days for its certain destruction. That, Gardiner speculates, is why it was so difficult for him to find workers who wanted to join the intercontinental trip. Despite the fact that the United Kingdom was in the middle of a coal strike and there was a lot of unemployed labor, the rumors from the shipyards would have reached ordinary people, who would have decided to pass on the job offer.
Meanwhile, another ship, the Californian, belonging to the JP Morgan holding company and intended for the transport of goods and passengers, had no problem stocking up on coal to make a trip to the United States five days before the Titanic left. Although that ship could have carried hundreds of passengers, the ship departed for North America. without passengerswith a shipment “almost exclusively blankets and sweaters and various tools”.
And where did that other ship go? Right in the vicinity where the Titanic would later allegedly collide with an iceberg. The Californian stayed around the area with its engines running, and her captain slept dressed on a sofa on the bridge instead of retiring to his cabin. A sign that he knew something might happen? Later the Titanic sent three messages to the ship, the last one reporting her position.
The conspiracy advocate goes even further: It is impossible for an iceberg to break an “unbreakable” ship, by the standards of the time. What had actually happened was that another expensive grocer had washed up in the area with its lights out. Willful chafing with that other old ship is what caused the Titanic to sink.
But according to the plan of the conspiracy, something went wrong. From the Titanic they saw a ship on the horizon about 8 kilometers from her position and they thought it was the Californian. That’s when they collided, but really that was a different boat. Morgan’s other ship it was much further away, 20 kilometers away, “unsuccessfully waiting for the Titanic to appear”. As the rescue ship took longer than “expected” to arrive, panic began to set in: they were not going to get on a new boat soon, and the chances of death by drowning or frostbite became a reality.
Do you want more details? Some passengers stated that some of the lifeboats were marked Olympic. And years later, when the transatlantic submerged by exploration teams could be seen, the cameras captured some of the letters fixed to her hull, revealing what was behind. In this case an M and a P. MP From Titanic? Or MP from Olympic?
The switch with the Olympic: against
Counter-replies to this widespread theory deserve a separate chapter. The first and most important is that the Titanic and the Olympic were not exactly identical. Look at the elements in the following image.
In the area marked with a red line of the Titanic we can see the first class viewpoint that in the sunken ship was covered with retractable glass panels. In the Olympic this was discovered. The distribution of the cabin windows, the green area, was distributed differently on both ships. In the blue zone, for the Olympic we have deck B, while for the construction of the Titanic that area was removed to build the first class restaurant. In yellow, the windows. On one ship they were round and on the other rectangular.
All these changes would have to have been made on both ships in a short space of time and without anyone suspecting anything or seeing anything strange, neither then nor after the exhaustive analysis work of the insurers, who ended up paying five million dollars at the time. for the Titanic. A totally astronomical figure and that, even with that, was less than the cost of manufacturing the ship, of 7.5 million.
The second reason, perhaps the best to watch, is why Morgan would decide to hold such a contest. To collect insurance? A terrible effort that led thousands of people to their deaths. And besides, what good is it for your company to collect insurance for the destruction of a second, perfectly new ship, in a short period of time? What was the reputation of the company after killing (indirectly) so many people? After the repair, the Olympia continued circulating for more than twenty years as well as other of the company’s ships.
4) Bad smoke from Belfast
The last theory, the one defended in the documentary Titanic: the New Evidencesays that it was not the collision with an iceberg that caused the tragic sinking of the ocean liner, but a fire in the boilers that would have started even before leaving the Belfast shipyards.
The author and journalist Senan Molony revealed in the documentary that recently published photos of the ship (and that were ignored for more than a century) show how that ship “unsinkable” She was already being weakened by a coal fire even before she set off on her catastrophic maiden voyage. A growing problem caused by human error that, according to this theory, was silenced from the ship’s passengers until it was too late.
This theory defends that the impact against the iceberg would not have caused such a devastating effect if it were not for the fact that, in a lethal coincidence, the blow occurred in the area of the boat that had been weakened by the fire. As was also defended at the time of her, the strength of the Titanic was based on several security systems, and only an accident in which several incidents were accumulated could cause her to sink. All eyes turn to businessman Morgan and his last minute cancellation. Perhaps he had indeed seen the prophetic sign that sent the black smoke?
This is one of the oldest theories, and perhaps the most supported (although not proven). You can learn more about this boiler fire hypothesis in this article.