- Every September 23, World Restless Legs Syndrome Day is commemorated.
- The condition is also called Willis-Ekbom disease because one of the first doctors to identify it was Dr. Thomas Willis in 1672.
- To date there is no cure but there are treatments to reduce the impact on the quality of life of patients.
The range of health problems is quite extensive and while some are widely known there are also others that receive little attention. Although the fact that they are of low incidence does not mean that they are not relevant. A clear example can be seen with the Willis-Ekbom diseasealso known by the name of Restless legs syndrome.
The name of the disease is due to the first doctor who identified it. Its about Dr Thomas Willis, who played an important role in the history of anatomy, physiology, neurology and psychiatry. He is considered a pioneer in the field of neuroanatomical research and in 1662 he was one of the founders of the UK Royal Society. While in 1672 he diagnosed King Carlos II with this condition, making him the first patient in history.
What does it consist of?
To begin with, according to Mayo Clinic It is a disorder of neurological origin. Its main characteristic is that it produces an uncontrollable urge to move the legs, usually due to a feeling of discomfort. It usually occurs in the afternoon or at night when the patient is sitting or lying down. Movement temporarily relieves the unpleasant sensation.
Due to this condition, They produce pains that cause the need to get up, walk and move. Although the unpleasant sensations actually disappear, it is only momentary. For its part, this disorder is also distinguished because affects the quality of sleep.
Full list of symptoms
- Need to move.
- Painful pull.
To date there are no official figures because it is estimated that there are patients suffering from the Restless legs syndrome and they don’t know. Although some estimates claim that around two percent of the global population suffers from it.
One of the most important points is that it is a disease for which there is no cure. Although there are treatments to ensure that the impact on the quality of life of patients is as small as possible. Among the most common are the dopaminergic agonists, antiepileptics and opioids.
How is Restless Legs Syndrome diagnosed?
On the other hand, as it is a neurological condition, the ideal specialist for its diagnosis is the neurologist. Although in reality an internist doctor also has the knowledge to identify the disease.
Usually the diagnosis is made clinically, that is, during the consultation with the doctor. Laboratory and cabinet studies are restricted to special cases and this would be the electromyography, sleep study and ferritin levels.
When to go to the neurologist
Neurologists, the medical specialists with the least self-esteem