The various events of the last two years reveal the new configuration of the foreign policy of the United States of America (USA), whose emphasis is on stopping the undeniable decline of its economy vis-à-vis China. This implies for the neighboring country to the north, the urgent need to reduce the influence of the Asian country on our continent.
Trade and cooperation on the American continent would help reduce the growing dominance of China in the markets of our region. The neighborly relationship of Mexico, the United States and Canada, and the historical-cultural coincidence with Latin America and the Caribbean, represent an opportunity to promote economic integration with a sovereign dimension from Alaska to Patagonia.
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Since the 20th century, the growth of the Asian country began with the displacement of the US in the export and services market. In the race to rank first in the global economy, the pandemic highlighted the US’s dependence on production and supply chains in China.
The suspension of activities in Chinese factories severely affected the US market and showed vulnerability in access to health protection supplies, medical devices and medicines. China’s dependence and influence was reflected more strongly with the development of vaccines against the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
Currently, in the global scenario there are no legal or commercial mechanisms that reverse the projections for the year 2051, when it is expected that China’s dominance in the global market will be 6 to 1 with respect to the US and although the scenario where politics abdicates in the face of violence, the threat of a war between the superpowers to maintain commercial hegemony is only credible, under the diagnosis of Hans J. Morgenthau, if it is estimated that both nations will act irrationally, which would put the humanity.
Another element to consider is the withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan. More than a defeat for the US in central Asia, the abrupt withdrawal reflects a new approach to human, material, financial and technological resources to attend to the health and economic crises that compromise US leadership in the face of unstoppable Chinese growth.
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As Thucydides foresaw centuries ago “the identity of interests is the safest link between states.” Mexico, in its role as president of the Community of Latin American States (CELAC) has the urgent opportunity to promote negotiations of the Latin American and Caribbean bloc with the United States to achieve a continental economic integration that benefits all, with a sovereign dimension that closes the shameful chapter of illegitimate interventionism that the US hoisted for most of the 20th century and that ended up proving its ineffectiveness.
The geographical, cultural, historical, economic and geopolitical conditions are perfect for Mexico’s experience in diplomatic negotiations, the signing of trade agreements with the United States and Canada, and the trust it has gained in Latin America and the Caribbean, propitiate the integration and trigger the development of the entire continent.
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Israel Zamora, Senator of the Republic *
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