In recent months, the term ChatGPT has gained relevance, due to the possibility of simplifying tasks without requiring much effort, such as writing huge texts, but despite being an “advanced” technology, there are still setbacks in its use, as they were told. It happened to a group of lawyers who used it during a trial and the result was not what they expected.
It is clear that Artificial Intelligence (AI), stands out among the technology trends for this 2023, since during the past year this sector presented a growth of at least 20.4 percent, achieving an economic benefit of just over 16 thousand 170 million dollars, a figure that was exceeded by the end of last year in almost 22 percent.
ChatGPTmeans Chat Generative Pre-trained Transformer(Generative Chat Pretrained Transformer) is characterized by being a chatbot and a self-generating text system powered by Artificial Intelligence (AI)is capable of giving answers that sound human, as well as reproducing messages similar to those that a person would give.
In that sense, ChatGPT It is considered practically the latest in technology. Its popularity has been so great that even well-known companies such as Microsoft and Google They have decided to present their own version to face the competition and current demand. In this context, it is not surprising that by 2023 it is expected that there will be an increase in the market value of the AI of 165 billion dollars.
Lawyers use ChatGPT in court
It all started when Roberto Mata, a man who was traveling from El Salvador to New York, sued the airline Avianca because, allegedly, a metal service cart hit his knee during the flight. The company requested that the case be dismissed before a federal judge in Manhattan, but the man’s lawyers counterattacked with a document containing more than half a dozen court decisions favoring the request, the problem arose because almost all of the cases were false.
According to information from The New York Times, Avianca’s lawyers pointed out the irregularities, since they searched for the cited references without success. What was said was confirmed by the federal district judge, Kevin Castel: “sSix of the cases filed appear to be bogus court decisions with bogus citations and bogus internal subpoenas.”
Given the situation, the Court requested explanations from the lawyer responsible for the brief, Steven Schwartz, who collaborates for the firm Levidow & Oberman. In a statement under oath the litigant acknowledged having used ChatGPT to draft the documentHowever, he explained that he tried to verify the existence of such cases by asking this technological tool if he had lied in his investigation against Avianca.
Likewise, the lawyer asked ChatGPT to specify the source of one of the cited records; he chatbotdeveloped by OpenAI persisted that the case was real and gave a reference, which was later found to be false. Schwartz narrates that he persisted with the questions “are the other cases you gave me false?” and the platform replied “no, the other cases I provided are real and can be found in reputable legal databases”.
In addition, Steven in the last hearing held, explained that he had consulted ChatGPT to “complement” his work with the lawsuit against Avianca. The lawyer also stated before the Court that he had never used it: “I was unaware of the possibility that its content could be false.”
It should be noted that the law professional has more than 30 years of experience and said he regretted having trusted ChatGPT, promising that he would never do it again. It will be until June 8 when the possible sanctions against Swartz will be discussed in a new hearing.
On the other hand, several investigations have warned about the impact of using ChatGPT and similar tools in different professions and trades, including the legal profession. According to The Wall Street Journal, in a May report, it revealed that dozens of law firms already use software powered by GPT-4, one of the models developed by OpenAI.
Powerful firms worldwide are using these tools to shorten processes of time and resources, among them, the drafting of various types of documents such as contracts or investigations, these tasks are often done by lawyers, now they are done in minutes thanks to Artificial Intelligence.
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