Few know that the Mexican flag It could have obtained its green, white and red colors from a beautiful bird that has always inhabited the Zongolica mountain range. Its about cuautotol bird.
It turns out that in 1810, the inhabitants of that region of the Veracruz statethey had to make a canvas for Nicolás Bravo to wear during the war of independence.
The Zongolica flag or Siera flag
Once made, it was known by history as the “Zongolica flag”, the first green, white and red, just like the plumage of the bird of the mountains, which everyone has always known. Over the years the cuautotol was called as a flag bird and then mexican trogon.
However, the most widespread and accepted version of the origin of the Mexican flag is that the patriotic flag arose from the idea of Agustin de Iturbidewho gave it the three colors that we all know to represent the three guarantees: Religion, Independence and Union.
Going a little further, according to the insurgent himself, green represented the Mexico’s independencethe white to the Catolic religion and the red the equality and the union of mexicans with the Spanish and the castas.
Once Iturbide’s empire ended in 1823, the Constituent Congress recognized and officially established the Mexican flag with the three colors that are preserved to this day.
The cuautotol bird in numbers
And before concluding, let’s go to the technical data of the bird. It measures approximately 30 centimeters from tail to head, each specimen weighing an average of 70 grams. And although it would have been in Veracruz where they made a flag imitating its colors, the reality is that this little bird resides in other latitudes of the country.
Such is the case of the mountainous area of Chihuahua, Tamaulipas and Chiapas, although also in areas of Guatemala and Honduras.
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